使用Java进行双向认证的SSL链接以及使用OpenSSL生产证书链

这几天被SSL和证书搞得头昏脑胀的。不过还好终于把这个SSL搞定了。

用SSL进行双向身份验证意思就是在客户机连接服务器时,链接双方都要对彼此的数字证书进行验证,保证这是经过授权的才能够连接(我们链接一般的SSL时采用的是单向验证,客户机只验证服务器的证书,服务器不验证客户机的证书。而连接网上银行时使用的U盾就是用来存储进行双向验证所需要的客户端证书的)。

JDK里面内置了一个数字证书生产工具:keytool。但是这个工具只能生成自签名的数字证书。所谓自签名就是指证书只能保证自己是完整的,没有经过非法修改的。但是无法保证这个证书是属于谁的。其实用这种自签名的证书也是可以进行双向验证的(用keytool生成的自签名证书进行双向验证请看这里,向这位仁兄致意~:http://www.blogjava.net/stone2083/archive/2007/12/20/169015.html),但是这种验证有一个缺点:对于每一个要链接的服务器,都要保存一个证书的验证副本。而且一旦服务器更换证书,所有客户端就需要重新部署这些副本。对于比较大型的应用来说,这一点是不可接受的。所以就需要证书链进行双向认证。证书链是指对证书的签名又一个预先部署的,众所周知的签名方签名完成,这样每次需要验证证书时只要用这个公用的签名方的公钥进行验证就可以了。比如我们使用的浏览器就保存了几个常用的CA_ROOT。每次连接到网站时只要这个网站的证书是经过这些CA_ROOT签名过的。就可以通过验证了。

但是这些共用的CA_ROOT的服务不是免费的。而且价格不菲。所以我们有必要自己生成一个CA_ROOT的密钥对,然后部署应用时,只要把这个CA_ROOT的私钥部署在所有节点就可以完成验证了。要进行CA_ROOT的生成,需要OpenSSL(http://www.openssl.org/)。你也可以在http://www.slproweb.com/products/Win32OpenSSL.html找到Windows下的版本

安装好OpenSSL以后就可以生成证书链了,我写了一个BAT解决这些东西:


@echo off
:OpenSSL配置文件路径(如果出现“The organizationName field needed to be the same in the”之类的错误,请编辑此文件,修改CA_default节中的policy = policy_match为policy = policy_anything
set CONFIG="D:\OpenSSL\bin\openssl.cfg"
:服务器证书库密码
set PWD_SERVER_KS=serverks
:服务器证书密码
set PWD_SERVER_KEY=serverkey
:客户端证书库密码
set PWD_CLIENT_KS=clientks
:客户端证书密码
set PWD_CLIENT_KEY=clientkey
:有效期(天)
set VALIDITY=365
:服务器证书名
set SERVER_CERT_NAME=logon_server_private_key
:客户端证书名
set CLIENT_CERT_NAME=ipclient_private_key
:服务器证书库文件名
set SERVER_KEYSTORE_NAME=server.keystore
:客户端证书库文件名
set CLIENT_KEYSTORE_NAME=client.keystore

if not exist DemoCA (
mkdir DemoCA
mkdir DemoCA\certs
mkdir DemoCA\newcerts
echo CAFEBABE>DemoCA\serial
copy nul DemoCA\index.txt
)

if not exist ca.key (
echo Generating a ca root key file...
openssl req -new -x509 -keyout ca.key -out ca.crt -config %CONFIG%
) else (
echo ca.key already exists...
)

if not exist server.keystore (
echo Generating server's private key...
keytool -genkey -alias %SERVER_CERT_NAME% -validity %VALIDITY% -keyalg RSA -keysize 1024 -keystore %SERVER_KEYSTORE_NAME% -keypass %PWD_SERVER_KEY% -storepass %PWD_SERVER_KS%
) else (
echo server.keystore already exits...
)

if not exist client.keystore (
echo Generating client's private key...
keytool -genkey -alias %CLIENT_CERT_NAME% -validity %VALIDITY% -keyalg RSA -keysize 1024 -keystore %CLIENT_KEYSTORE_NAME% -keypass %PWD_CLIENT_KEY% -storepass %PWD_CLIENT_KS%
) else (
echo client.keystore already exits...
)

echo ========Finished key generation=========

if not exist %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.csr (
echo Generating server's singature request file...
keytool -certreq -alias %SERVER_CERT_NAME% -sigalg MD5withRSA -file %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.csr -keypass %PWD_SERVER_KEY% -storepass %PWD_SERVER_KS% -keystore %SERVER_KEYSTORE_NAME%
) else (
echo %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.csr already exits...
)

if not exist %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.csr (
echo Generating client's singature request file...
keytool -certreq -alias %CLIENT_CERT_NAME% -sigalg MD5withRSA -file %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.csr -keypass %PWD_CLIENT_KEY% -storepass %PWD_CLIENT_KS% -keystore %CLIENT_KEYSTORE_NAME%
) else (
echo %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.csr already exits...
)

if not exist %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.crt (
openssl ca -in %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.csr -out %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -notext -config %CONFIG%
) else (
echo %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.crt already exits...
)

if not exist %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.crt (
openssl ca -in %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.csr -out %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.crt -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -notext -config %CONFIG%
) else (
echo %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.crt already exits...
)

echo =========Finished ca root signaturing==========

echo Importing ca root certs into keystore...

keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias ca_root -file ca.crt -storepass %PWD_SERVER_KS% -keystore %SERVER_KEYSTORE_NAME%

keytool -import -v -trustcacerts -alias ca_root -file ca.crt -storepass %PWD_CLIENT_KS% -keystore %CLIENT_KEYSTORE_NAME%

echo Importing signatured keys...

keytool -import -v -alias %SERVER_CERT_NAME% -file %SERVER_CERT_NAME%.crt -keypass %PWD_SERVER_KEY% -storepass %PWD_SERVER_KS% -keystore %SERVER_KEYSTORE_NAME%

keytool -import -v -alias %CLIENT_CERT_NAME% -file %CLIENT_CERT_NAME%.crt -keypass %PWD_CLIENT_KEY% -storepass %PWD_CLIENT_KS% -keystore %CLIENT_KEYSTORE_NAME%

echo All done!

运行这个批处理,期间需要回答一些问题,然后就可以得到一些文件其中client.keystore是需要在客户端部署的,server.keystore是在服务器部署的。ca.*是root_ca的密钥文件。
然后可以用下面的代码测试:


/*
* Copyrights (C) 2008 Bearice ([email protected])
* Release under GNU/GPL Version 2.
*/

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;
import javax.net.ssl.KeyManagerFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLPeerUnverifiedException;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLServerSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLServerSocketFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSession;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManagerFactory;

/**
*
* @author Bearice
*/
public class NewClass extends Thread {

@Override
public void run() {
try {
sleep(100);
SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");

KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");

KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
//KeyStore tks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");

ks.load(new FileInputStream("e:/certs/client.keystore"), "clientks".toCharArray());
//tks.load(new FileInputStream("e:/certs/tclient.keystore"), "clientks".toCharArray());

kmf.init(ks, "clientkey".toCharArray());
tmf.init(ks);

ctx.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);
SSLSocketFactory factory = ctx.getSocketFactory();

SSLSocket socket = (SSLSocket) factory.createSocket("127.0.0.1", 4433);

showCerts(socket.getSession());

PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(socket.getOutputStream());
pw.println("GET /index.html HTTP/1.0");
pw.println("Server: mail.google.com");
pw.println("Connection: close");
pw.println();
pw.flush();
BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket.getInputStream()));
String ln;
while ((ln = in.readLine()) != null) {
System.err.println(ln);
}
} catch (Exception ex) {
Logger.getLogger(NewClass.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
}
}

public static void showCerts(SSLSession session) {
X509Certificate cert = null;
try {
cert = (X509Certificate) session.getPeerCertificates()[0];
} catch (SSLPeerUnverifiedException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
System.err.println(session.getPeerHost() + " did not present a valid certificate");
//System.exit(1);
return;
}
System.out.println(session.getPeerHost() + " has presented a certificate belonging to" + "[" + cert.getSubjectDN() + "]\n" + "The certificate was issued by: \t" + "[" + cert.getIssuerDN() + "]");

}

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");

KeyManagerFactory kmf = KeyManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");
TrustManagerFactory tmf = TrustManagerFactory.getInstance("SunX509");

KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");
//KeyStore tks = KeyStore.getInstance("JKS");

ks.load(new FileInputStream("e:/certs/server.keystore"), "serverks".toCharArray());
//tks.load(new FileInputStream("e:/certs/tserver.keystore"), "serverks".toCharArray());

kmf.init(ks, "serverkey".toCharArray());
tmf.init(ks);

ctx.init(kmf.getKeyManagers(), tmf.getTrustManagers(), null);

SSLServerSocketFactory factory = ctx.getServerSocketFactory();
SSLServerSocket serverSocket = (SSLServerSocket) factory.createServerSocket(4433);

serverSocket.setNeedClientAuth(true);

new NewClass().start();

SSLSocket socket = (SSLSocket) serverSocket.accept();
try {
socket.startHandshake();
} catch (Exception ex) {
System.out.println("Handshake failed: " + ex);
}

showCerts(socket.getSession());
socket.startHandshake();
PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(socket.getOutputStream());
BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(socket.getInputStream()));
String ln;
while ((ln = in.readLine()) != null) {
System.out.println(ln);
if (ln.equals("")) {
break;
}
}
out.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
out.println("Cache-Control: no-cache");
out.println("Pragma: no-cache");
out.println("Expires: Fri, 01 Jan 1990 00:00:00 GMT");
out.println("Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8");
out.println("Date: Tue, 01 Jul 2008 11:56:42 GMT");
out.println("Server: BWS");
out.println("X-Powered-By: BWS");
out.println();
out.println("

hello world

");
out.close();
socket.close();
}
}

其他参考链接:
SSL-用Keytool和OpenSSL生成和签发数字证书
为高级 JSSE 开发人员定制 SSL

>_<|| 我手贱!!这个有问题!绝对有问题!!一般般啦,真的很一般般。还不错哦~小表扬一下!GJ!乃就是新世界的神様了,快去拯救世界吧! (1 votes, average: 1.00 out of 5)
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  1. Liangent说道:
    骑着 Unknown Unknown 和 Unknown Unknown

    http://code.google.com/p/syntaxhighlighter/wiki/Languages
    你自己加的bash语法?

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